Prétextes: Réflexions sur quelques points de littérature et de morale by André Gide

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Genres: FR Chroniques
Language: french
Type: Digital
  • Literary Influences: Gide argues that writers should not be overly influenced by their predecessors, but instead should strive to develop their own unique voices.

  • The Limits of Art: Gide asserts that art should not be bound by moral or social constraints, but should be free to explore the full range of human experience.

  • Maurice Barrès: Gide critiques Barrès's nationalistic and traditionalist views, arguing that they are narrow-minded and stifle individual freedom.

  • The Poplars Controversy: Gide defends his decision to cut down some poplar trees on his property, despite the protests of his neighbors.

  • Normandy and the South of France: Gide contrasts the two regions, praising the beauty and tranquility of the South while criticizing the harshness and materialism of Normandy.

  • Letters to Angèle: Gide shares his thoughts on a variety of topics with his friend Angèle, including literature, art, and philosophy.

  • Recent Idolatries: Gide criticizes the cult of personality that has grown up around certain figures, such as Oscar Wilde and Friedrich Nietzsche.

  • Sada Yacco: Gide expresses his admiration for the Japanese actress Sada Yacco, praising her beauty and talent.

  • Young Men from the South: Gide reflects on his encounters with young men from the South of France, whom he finds to be passionate, spontaneous, and full of life.

  • The Thousand and One Nights: Gide praises the Arabic collection of stories, The Thousand and One Nights, for its richness and imagination.

  • Max Stirner and Individualism: Gide examines the ideas of the German philosopher Max Stirner, who advocated for radical individualism.

  • Friedrich Nietzsche: Gide grapples with the complex and contradictory philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche.

  • Book Reviews: Gide reviews works by a variety of authors, including Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, Maurice Léon, Camille Mauclair, Henri de Régnier, and Dr. J.-C. Mardrus.

  • In Memoriam: Gide pays tribute to his deceased friends Stéphane Mallarmé, Emmanuel Signoret, and Oscar Wilde.

Overall, Prétextes is a wide-ranging and thought-provoking collection of essays that reflects Gide's evolving views on literature, art, and morality. It is a must-read for anyone interested in the work of this important French writer


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