Notre-Dame de Paris

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Genres: Banned Books
Language: English
Type: Digital

Notre-Dame de Paris (English: The Hunchback of Notre Dame) is a historical novel by French writer Victor Hugo, published in 1831. The story is set in Paris in the 15th century, and tells the tale of Quasimodo, the deformed bell-ringer of Notre Dame Cathedral, and his love for the beautiful gypsy Esmeralda.

Plot Summary

The novel begins with a description of Notre Dame Cathedral, a magnificent Gothic structure that is the heart of Paris. The story then introduces the main characters, including Quasimodo, the hunchbacked bell-ringer; Claude Frollo, the archdeacon of Notre Dame; and Esmeralda, a beautiful gypsy dancer.

Quasimodo is a kind and gentle soul, but he is also very lonely. He is shunned by society because of his appearance, and he spends most of his time alone in the bell tower of Notre Dame.

Claude Frollo is a complex and conflicted character. He is a devout man of God, but he is also deeply attracted to Esmeralda. He is also jealous of Quasimodo, who he sees as a rival for Esmeralda's affections.

Esmeralda is a free-spirited and independent woman. She is a talented dancer and a gifted musician, and she is loved by all who know her.

The story follows the three characters as their lives intersect. Quasimodo and Esmeralda fall in love, but their love is forbidden. Claude Frollo is determined to possess Esmeralda, and he will stop at nothing to get her.

The novel culminates in a tragic ending. Quasimodo saves Esmeralda from being executed by Frollo, but he is killed in the process. Esmeralda is also killed, and Frollo dies by suicide.


Notre-Dame de Paris explores a wide range of themes, including:

  • Love and loss: The novel is a tragic love story, and it explores the themes of love, loss, and sacrifice.

  • The individual vs. society: The novel also explores the conflict between the individual and society. Quasimodo is an outcast because of his appearance, and he struggles to find his place in the world.

  • The power of faith: The novel also explores the power of faith. Frollo is a devout man of God, but his faith is corrupted by his lust for Esmeralda.

  • The beauty of Paris: The novel also celebrates the beauty of Paris, both the physical beauty of the city and the beauty of its people.


Notre-Dame de Paris is a classic of French literature, and it has been translated into many languages. The novel has been adapted into numerous films, television shows, and operas, and it continues to be read and enjoyed by readers around the world.

Key Works

  • Notre-Dame de Paris (1831)
  • Les Misérables (1862)
  • The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1923)
  • The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996)


  • "To love her is to be damned." - Claude Frollo
  • "The only way to be happy is to love, and be loved in return." - Quasimodo
  • "Beauty is not in the face; beauty is a light in the heart." - Esmeralda
  • "The world is a book, and those who do not travel read only one page." - Victor Hugo


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