L'archéologie égyptienne

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Genres: Archaeology
Language: French
Type: Digital

Gaston Maspero's L'Archéologie Égyptienne, published in 1887, is a comprehensive overview of Egyptian archaeology, encompassing various aspects of ancient Egyptian civilization from the predynastic period to the Roman conquest. Here's a breakdown of the book's likely content:

Scope and Focus:

  • Breadth of Coverage: Maspero's work covers a vast range of topics related to Egyptian archaeology, including:
    • Excavation Methods: Detailed descriptions of excavation techniques used at the time, including strategies for site identification, documentation, and artifact recovery.
    • Chronological Framework: A presentation of the chronological periods of ancient Egyptian history, from the predynastic era to the Ptolemaic and Roman periods.
    • Site Analysis: In-depth examinations of major archaeological sites across Egypt, such as Giza, Thebes, and Karnak, highlighting their architectural features, historical significance, and artifacts found there.
    • Artifact Analysis: Detailed studies of various types of Egyptian artifacts, including pottery, sculpture, jewelry, and written records, providing insights into their production techniques, artistic styles, and cultural functions.
    • Religious Beliefs and Practices: Exploration of the complex religious beliefs and practices of ancient Egyptians, including their deities, temples, rituals, and funerary practices.

Significance and Contributions:

  • Pioneering Work: Maspero's book was a landmark publication in the field of Egyptology, providing a systematic and comprehensive overview of Egyptian archaeology at a time when the discipline was still in its early stages of development.
  • Synthesis of Knowledge: Maspero drew upon a wide range of sources, including archaeological excavations, ancient texts, and the work of other scholars, to synthesize a cohesive understanding of ancient Egyptian civilization.
  • Accessible Style: Despite its depth of content, Maspero's writing style was engaging and accessible, making the book appealing to a broader audience beyond just scholars.


  • Publication Date: Published in 1887, the book reflects the archaeological knowledge and interpretations of the late 19th century. Some aspects may have been revised or updated in light of subsequent discoveries and research.
  • Focus on Excavations: Maspero's work heavily emphasizes the archaeological excavation process and the artifacts unearthed. Other aspects of Egyptology, such as linguistic studies or social anthropology, might receive less attention.

Overall, L'Archéologie Égyptienne by Gaston Maspero stands as a foundational work in Egyptology, offering a wealth of information and insights into the rich and complex history of ancient Egypt.


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