Homer (/ˈhoʊmər/; Greek: Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is an ancient Greek epic poet, traditionally regarded as the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two foundational works of ancient Greek literature. The Iliad is a war epic set in the Trojan War, while the Odyssey is a tale of adventure and homecoming.

Life and Work

The exact dates of Homer's life are unknown, but he is generally believed to have lived around the 8th or 9th century BC. He is said to have been born in Ionia, a region of western Asia Minor that was colonized by Greeks.

Homer's work is characterized by its use of oral storytelling techniques, such as repetition, formulaic phrases, and similes. He also uses a variety of literary devices, such as foreshadowing, suspense, and irony.

The Iliad

The Iliad is the longer of the two Homeric epics, with over 15,000 lines. It tells the story of the Trojan War, a ten-year conflict between the Greeks and the Trojans that was sparked by the abduction of Helen, the wife of the Greek king Menelaus, by the Trojan prince Paris.

The Iliad is divided into 24 books, each of which covers a single day of the war. The central figure of the poem is Achilles, a Greek warrior who is the son of the goddess Thetis. Achilles is a fierce fighter, but he is also proud and vengeful.

The Odyssey

The Odyssey is shorter than the Iliad, with just over 12,000 lines. It tells the story of Odysseus, the king of Ithaca, who is trying to return home after the Trojan War. Odysseus's journey is long and arduous, and he must face many challenges along the way, including encounters with monsters, sirens, and the goddess Calypso.

The Odyssey is divided into 24 books, each of which covers a single episode of Odysseus's journey. The central figure of the poem is Odysseus, who is a cunning and resourceful leader.


Homer's work has had a profound influence on Western literature and culture. His epics have been translated into many languages and have been adapted into numerous films, television shows, and operas. Homer's work is still studied and admired today, and he is considered one of the greatest poets of all time.

Key Works

  • The Iliad
  • The Odyssey
Found 3 books in total
The Odyssey
The Odyssey, by Homer, is one of the oldest and most influential works of Western...
the lliad
L'Iliade (The Iliad) by Homer is an epic poem that recounts a pivotal portion of the...
The Odyssey
The Odyssey is an epic poem in 24 books traditionally attributed to the ancient Greek...
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